December 5 (1985, 1986, 2002, 2005)
Lovers Leap Day ~ “The Hike of the Seven Sunsets”

December 5, 1985

Beautiful, beautiful day, day of fog and rain and sun and boiling clouds and blue skies. I went to Colfax for food and spark plugs, did a bit of a tune-up on the old Toyota, a total flop of a tune-up as it turned out, and I still haven't got it running right. Then I started a burn pile on the east ridge of the meadow, where a horrible tangle of deerbrush remains.

Yesterday was marked by geometric discoveries pertaining to the removal of zones from polar zonohedra. This morning I tested my supposition that I could use the hexahedra derived from Golden Section rhombs (there are 2 hexahedra, a flat one and a “normal” one) to build up a rhombic dodecahedron: I could, I did, I conquered. They (the hexahedra) may also be used to build up to a rhombic icosahedron and a rhombic triacontahedron. [...]”

[Russell Towle's journal]

12/5/86   Lovers Leap Day and it rains. But the rain has a mild character which encourages me to hope that, by 10:30 A.M. it will have subsided. [...]

Ugh!! Bathroom is horribly wet; [roof] leaks.

Later: home! At last! After such a day, at such a moment.


I shaved, drove into Alta for breakfast, drove out to Lovers Leap, found Deane Swickard and Steve Layton firing up their chainsaws, contrived to get a burn pile going—for everything was wet, and contrived is a weak word for what I did—

I forced a fire to start, and fed it, and fed it; Dave Nelson showed up, and we both bet it; finally it began to burn in earnest and we feared, at first, that it would grow too hot; for, trying to build it to a self-sustaining level, we worried that we had overloaded it; but then, seeing that all was wet, and green, and slow to burn, we congratulated ourselves on a job well done. Dave left, and later, a break in the action: “do you see,” Dean asked, “that smoke coming from that branch up there?”

And I craned my head while simultaneously insisting that it could not be: but it was: a large dead branch, some 30 feet or 40 above ground, had somehow began to smolder; so I drove over to Jon and Melody's and borrowed a backpack water pump, and climbed an incense cedar, horribly laden, so that I could cling to the wet and slimy trunk while hanging out in space, aiming the nozzle branchwards—

But I put the fire out.

The clearing went well, except for a few problems with trees trapped in position by other trees, themselves in turn trapped…

The Moody Ridge syndrome.

As good ol' Johnny Muir used to say, “everything in the universe is hitched to everything else.” And I can attest that, in so far as small cedars and pines on Moody Ridge go, an extra, mechanical reading attaches to his utterance.

Deane Swickard is an interesting man. I must've seen a photo of him somewhere, for while I didn't recognize him, some small shred of recognition was there.

He is about fifty. Background in wildlife biology.

Now heads up the Folsom division of the Bureau of Land Management. He seems very serious about protecting the wildness and scenery of the North Fork canyon.

He worked hard with his chainsaw. Also hard-working was Steve, who was tall, thin, and old—I'd say mid-sixties—and we got a lot done. Much remains to burn, and some to clear; we have tentatively agreed to spend three days next week at lover's leap, and Tuesday for sure. 9:30 A.M.

Deane exhorted me to write BLM about the vehicle access issue. Someone seeks permission to open road access into the North Fork canyon. I mentioned my opposition to that in my letter to Larson, the other day.

They left about 3:00 P.M. and I stopped by Jeanne's on the way out [...]

Finally I meet Deane Swickard. He is younger in appearance and aura than I'd imagined, younger, and smarter. He is very smart.

Strong bird-watching background. Was published on the subject of the California Least Tern, or some such tern.

Got a note from Newsom today, indicating that the Auburn Dam will be built. Also a note from Eric Peach, whom I called, and made a date for hiking, Pickering bar, Sunday, 9:00 A.M., Gold Run Café.

Terrible, if the dam goes in; growth, too fast, too soon, under planned and ill-advised.


[Russell Towle's journal]

Date: Thu, 5 Dec 2002 12:31:29 -0800
To: North_Fork_Trails
From: Russell Towle
Subject: garbage gone

Hi all,

Inasmuch as a storm is forecast, albeit weak, and dry garbage is much much nicer than wet garbage, I decided to drive in to the Canyon Creek Trail and load the stuff from Tunnel Camp into my battered old Toyota pickup. I entered the Diggings at Heistercamp's. Tim Lasko had mentioned an aluminum chair down at the Oxbow, which is near the tunnel, so I brought my pack and a few garbage bags, and hiked down there first.

I found the chair, and a pair of pants, and some stuff I had neglected to haul out years ago—a foam mattress, all wet and stinky; a pillow (someone had thoughtfully tossed it down into the little sluice chasm, below the Oxbow); a frayed, ancient tent; and various odds and ends. This made a 40-pound load which I hauled up the trail in a crudely-lashed, multi-layered load.

With my tried and true eye, honed by decades of construction work, I had estimated that the stuff at the trailhead would make one pickup-truck load. I began loading. The sheet metal stuff; the shopping-cart thingy; the two-inch hose (I had to get my saw out and cut it into shorter lengths); the plastic buckets; the garbage bags of garbage; and then I discovered that my eagle eye had somewhat failed me, for the truck was full, things almost bursting from the sides of my camper shell, as it were. And still the giant tarp remained.

But by a vigorous, down-stomping folding process, the tarp was reduced to something about six feet by four feet by eighteen inches, and with some effort I crammed it in beneath the roof of the camper shell.

On the way out, with my pack and my Australian Shepherd, Lucky, sharing the seat with me, I stopped to load in the two old car batteries which have been slowly rotting beside the road for years.

I noticed that the creek was running a little muddy; yet it is running clear, up above, near Alta; it could be that some miners were at work, somewhere upstream. There is a road to the creek, just north of Stewart's Pond, which may be where the miners are. Maybe Bob & Judy can ride their horses in there and check it out.


Russell Towle

The Hike of the Seven Sunsets
[North Fork Trails blogpost, December 6, 2005: ]
My old skiing buddy Kelly and I snuck into the Gold Run Diggings [on December 5, 2005] under bright sun and deep blue skies, for a visit to Canyon Creek. We were trespassing over the 800-acres-now-for-sale, one of the more important chunks of open space in all Placer County, for so many reasons; but I digress:

This Canyon Creek, one of many of that name in the Sierra, is a tributary of the North Fork American, having the form of a hanging valley, the North Fork having downcut much faster; so that the creek breaks into a long series of waterfalls and a rather incredible inner gorge, as it approaches the river.

All through the winter there is fine hiking in the main canyon, especially on the north (south-facing) canyon wall. But almost all of the waterfall section of Canyon Creek, about a mile in length, faces south. So precious hours of winter sun warm the cliffs around the waterfalls.

We drove a mile into the Diggings and turned left on one of many roads, this particular track leading east into Potato Ravine, a tributary of Canyon Creek, where the trail proper begins.

Near the head of Potato Ravine, on Cold Springs Hill to the west, was the trading post established in 1849. At that time, and all through 1850, gold miners were concentrated on the main rivers and their principal tributaries. For instance, we have the diaries, I think, of several miners who worked this part of the North Fork, in 1849, and it is pretty much a certainty that at least the last two miles of Canyon Creek, itself, would have been claimed and worked over, in 1849 and 1850—for all this reach of Canyon Creek would have been enriched, auriferously speaking, by the proximity of the Eocene river channel deposits.

But in 1851, a momentous step was taken: from Pickering Bar, just down from Canyon Creek on the main North Fork, a group of miners, including one Steven Beers, prospected up Indiana Ravine, finding good color all the way to the rim of the canyon, where a stratum of cemented gravel was met, loaded with gold.

They had found the Blue Lead, that famous stratum of deepest Eocene-age river gravel. The rivers of the "ancestral" Sierra meandered over broad floodplains built of sediments hundreds of feet deep. At the very bottom of these fluvial deposits was the (often, cemented) Blue Lead, blue, because those deep gravels have typically been in a "reducing" environment, for many millions of years. So there has not been the oxygen present to make iron in the sediments turn red.

The miners filed claims and soon a rush was on and the Indiana Hill Mining District was organized, in late 1851 or early 1852, this being the original mining district of what would become known as Gold Run. It had its own Recorder and its own mining laws, regulating the size of claims, etc. The Indiana Hill Ditch was completed in September, 1852, bringing water to the site of the discovery, at the head of Indiana Ravine.

The trading post was at Cold Springs Hill, on the sunny, southwest-facing side of things, where the Indians used to camp, and the settlement, dating from 1849, bore the same name until, in 1854, to set themselves apart from a few too many other localities named "Cold Springs" in California, the miners renamed the place Mountain Springs. This lasted until 1861 or so, when a new townsite was laid out, and named Gold Run.

Kelly and I wasted little time following the trail down those first cool and shady east-facing slopes, and over patches of hoarfrost, pausing to visit sunny Oxbow Bend at Canyon Creek, but soon advancing past the great drain tunnel of the Gold Run Ditch & Mining Company, then on down, over the little stick of a bridge, and finally into the full sun of December 5th, 2005.

Our pace slowed in the friendly warmth, and as we dropped deeper and deeper into the canyon, tramping over fresh new green grass, and the main North Fork canyon itself gradually opened to view, I told Kelly how, last December, Ron and Catherine and I had observed what seemed the earliest onset of the "spring" bloom, finding Brewer's Rock Cress at Lovers Leap (4000' elevation!), blooming on December 16, and California Milkmaids, another Mustard Family plant, blooming at The Terraces, at Canyon Creek, a few days later.

I pointed out some Brewer's Rock Cress on the cliffs along the trail—here, at what I call Gorge Point, it usually flowers around February 1st; and down at The Terraces, the Milkmaids often bloom in early January—haltingly I explained these difficult concepts—and then last year—last December—there came the Miracle: these two species broke into bloom far ahead of time

At the Six-Inch Trail, we scared a band of ten pigeons from their roosts in the shadowy thundering secret waterfall chasm nearby; most were the pure-white racing pigeons, which have been seen around there for maybe three or four years, now.

We dropped away west from the steep trail onto much steeper, cliffy terrain with fine little ledges embroidered in coarse club mosses, and picked our way straight down to Canyon Creek, at the base of the Big Waterfall, recently estimated to be ~150 feet high.

There is quite a varied assemblage of shrubs growing on the steep walls of Canyon Creek's gorge, Manzanita (two species), Deerbrush, Buckbrush, Holly-Leafed Redberry, Toyon, California Bay Laurel (shrub form), Silktassel, Mountain Mahogany, and even that rarity, Flowering Ash.

I have identified eleven different fern species along the Canyon Creek Trail.

There are dozens, maybe hundreds, of different species of wildflowers which grow there.

Many are the handsome old Canyon Live Oaks, and the slender-yet-gnarled Digger Pines, but few are the Kellogg's Black Oaks, which like deeper soils. The larger conifers are confined to the uplands, here, but to the west, as the Calaveras Complex grades into metasediments, conifers of several species appear within the canyon, especially on the north-facing, south canyon wall, with its better soil moisture budget.

Broadly, there is a lot of bare rock on the canyon walls in and near Giant Gap, and what forest exists, is dominated by Canyon Live Oak, with a few ghostly Digger Pines sprouting above the matrix of oak.

In the wintertime, one will often see one of these graceful trees flaring an almost incandescent grey in full sun, with blue-shadowed canyon wall a quarter-mile behind the spired trunks. They have perhaps the largest of all pine seeds among Sierran conifers, and were much enjoyed by the Indians. The 49ers called them "Diggers," and the obvious rhyme was no accident. No, the 49ers are not only known for an overabundance of people from Pike County, Missouri, but they were known for an overabundance of Mexican War veterans; and by far the most of those were of the South.

Painting with a broad brush, one remarks, hence Diggers, and the rhyme.

It is true they dug up many edible bulbs, as from the Brodiaeas.

After lunching at the waterfall, inasmuch as the sun was setting already over those giddily steep cliffs seeming to overhang us on the west, so that an instant chill fell upon us, we took Waterfall Trail south to The Terraces, and as I was pointing out The Spot where the so-pretty California Milkmaids were wont to break into earliest bloom, to my amazement, there they were, already in bloom!

On December 5th!

California Milkmaids
(Cardamine californica)
So this is a New Record, marking the onset of the Spring Bloom. It is just a device to separate it from the rest of "the bloom," to call the beginning of the bloom cycle the "spring" bloom. For one species goes to seed while another just begins, until finally you have things like Fleabane and California Fuchsia blooming in October, and in favorable circumstances, even in November. Or even December.

And now, the species which had always pushed the envelope in any case, these Milkmaids, with their early-January bloom at The Terraces, at about 1900' elevation, on a sunny promontory above waterfalls, with monstrous—monstrous!—dry-laid stone walls supporting grassy lawns of a tiny compass—now these Milkmaids throw caution to the wind and begin blooming in early December?

C'est impossible, etc. etc., and enough said, except that now I begin to finally see that, just as the typical rains of October and November will trigger the growth of new grass—so that Spring seems to begin in Fall, here in California—so also The Bloom starts quite early, and, in fact, it is possible that one might find the earliest of the Spring blooms at the same time as the very last of the Fall blooms. Maybe at a lower elevation; maybe, in fact, there is some one latitude, below which the entire year is spanned by flowerings, above which some kind of decent non-blooming interval creeps in, and then increases, going northward.

Suppose this "latitudinal" model is correct. Perhaps then we can at least intuit that, if Cardamine californica can be found in bloom at 1900' elevation, in early December, the climate cannot be too continental, and full of extremes, but must be more maritime, and more comfortable and life-sustaining.

The Terraces is quite the "sweet spot" in the local spectrum of microclimates; this must be why the miners chose it for one of their principal camps.

For, Canyon Creek was operated as a "tailings claim" for many years, and was fitted up with giant sluice boxes and "undercurrents," why, they blasted broad ledges from solid rock, just to make room for their sluice boxes; and the sluice boxes had to be guarded, in any case, so that thieves would not harvest the precious amalgam of mercury and gold-guarded, twenty-four— hours in a day; and the sluice boxes, tended, twenty-four hours, per day—so, camps were needed, and The Terraces is but one such camp, for the sluice-box tenders of Canyon Creek.

The Canyon Creek Placer Mine was not only a tailings claim, working over for a second time the Eocene gravel, which had already passed through the sluice boxes of various hydraulic mines; it was a patented tailings claim, under the infamous 1872 mining act, hence, it was private property in the fullest sense, and, today, forms 72 acres of the 800-acres-now-for-sale.

There is BLM (Bureau of Land Management) land to either side of the Canyon Creek Placer Mine, to the east, and to the west. Yet the private parcel contains the creek, the waterfalls, The Terraces, the Canyon Creek Trail, the many other side trails—this one parcel of private land governs everything, from a hiking/recreational standpoint.

The Canyon Creek Placer Mine is entirely within the Gold Run Addition to the North Fork American Wild & Scenic River; in 1978, Congress directed the Department of the Interior (by extension, the BLM), to acquire the private inholdings within the special Addition.

But none have been acquired, yet. They are all parts of the 800-acres-now-for-sale.

From The Terraces we explored the creek below and visited a waterfall, with the usual blasted ledge nearby, with giant iron bolts set deeply in the bedrock, to anchor the sluice boxes from the tremendous forces exerted by the tailings, before taking Lower Terraces Trail back to the main CCT, thence on down to the river, where we had nice sun right at the confluence. Actually, it was a day of many short breaks and side trails and explorations, and again and again the sun would set behind some high something, to our west, such as noble Diving Board Ridge, and the shadows would chase us to some other sunny spot, where we would again rest, only to be chased off yet again.

And so it went. Kelly thought we could name our adventure, The Hike of the Seven Sunsets.

Finally, making the main climb up and out, in shade—welcome shade while making a steep climb like that—Kelly spotted a beguiling bear trail, breaking sharply right, to the east, and I remembered some kind of rocky point over that way, commanding an awesome view. So off we went, and soon climbed right up out of the cold shadows into full sunshine, on a broad expanse of bedrock, with great views of Giant Gap and Diving Board Ridge, Roach Hill, Iowa Hill, etc. etc.

From there we decided to brave a cross-country scramble, straight up the narrow spine of rocky ridge dividing Canyon Creek from the North Fork, to another incredible overlook spot we call the Blasted Digger, after a huge old pine struck partly dead by lightning, long ago.

From the Blasted Digger, a faint trail leads back to the main CCT.

It was a climb of five hundred feet, the entire route following a bear trail, and so plain and easy I felt sure it had been the line of the old Indian trail, before the Gold Rush, and possibly also the Gold Rush line of the CCT, before any blasting was done, to carry the trail across the cliffs, on an easier grade. For this ridge route is often very steep.

Our efforts won us another few minutes of sunshine, blessedly warm, on a west-facing cliff of metavolcanic rock; we were well pleased with our shortcut, and when the sun set for the last time, we just started walking, and didn't stop until we reached the Subaru, about twenty minutes later.

So it was another great day in the great canyon. As we left the place, there were long golden beams of light slanting in to gild forests of live oak and pine, and bless ruddy great cliffs of rock, and cast deep blue shadows, growing ever larger and darker.

December 4 (1976, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1987, 1989, 1997) Resonating the Froth ~ Thermosiphon Frustrations
“Imp-Ling” ~ Petrified Wood Preserve?

12/4/76 […] i dreamt of my cabin last night, but it was larger and more spacious; i looked at it as i stood inside, admiring the beams and the angles, and commented that it really wasn't so very small… now the moon is nearing the full, and as often happens i am feeling better about myself and people than in the late days of the fourth quarter. nowadays about the only concession i make to astrology (which i once studied vigorously) is that i have noticed a connection between what goes on and the phases of the moon. not an iron-clad connection, just a slight statistically improbable resonance of some sort. and i go so far to speculate that it may be meaningful to say ‘i am an early spring’ or ‘i am a high summer’ or ‘i am an onset of fall’ ~ not aries, leo, libra. as far as the planets’ baleful gaze, i can't see where it enters in, except that when there is a bright evening star i figure the collective soul of mankind may be enlightened a little more than usual ~ but that is only my fantasy-play.


synchronicity wins again. there are stars out there in space, many galaxies of billions of stars apiece, and it goes on and on and even farther on—enormous forces at work, spinning, spinning, our earth a tiny spinning jewel within jewel within jewel, and there are jewels within the earth as well. geologists speak of the plastic deformation of solid rock under enormous pressure and/or heat. i wonder how it happens that in a universe of immutable forces at work (why not say, at play?), that something happens to reality, something akin to plastic deformation. maybe there is a frothy surface layer of reality beneath which operates the infinite, the eternal, the irresistible progression of matter and energy, of universe-at-large. and maybe in this foamy frothing surface, plastic deformation is commonplace: we humans are real lightweights on the universal scale of horsepower, but we have energy & we use it & the froth responds. ants drag beetles about. how the energy of our infinitesimal personal dramas resonates the froth i don't know. But it does seem to do so.”

[Russell Towle's journal]

12/4/77 ~ mid-morning. trying to get the sink figured out. clouds moving in fast out of the northwest ~ a solid deck of cumulus grading into altocumulus in places, intersecting the mountains at about six thousand feet elev. a large fire on the other side of the canyon somewhere seemed to somehow generate its own cumulus cloud. an intricate affair with many colors, reds, oranges, browns and golds at the base, and a range, from deep blue to white so bright ~ a few lens-like wisps trailing off about convinced me that the alignment of smoke and cumulus cloud was coincidental rather than causal, but i'm still not completely sold—the clouds still look disturbed in that area, but are much thicker now.”

[Russell Towle's journal]

12/4/79   i saw jon yesterday and the clutch is finally working. i should get it today. ah. so many things to do. should make a list. i'll work on the meadow this morning. plant some seed. rake and wheelbarrow.”

[Russell Towle's journal]

12/4/80    A monstrous storm rolled through and may not be past yet. 3" in rain gauge. I ventured over to Grass Valley in pounding rain to see if there might not be more information about the Holly at the store where I bought it, as indeed there was. and I wish I'd got a hold of it before I'd started this project. Oh dear.

It is, as I myself had found, hooked up all wrong. And among other things, for thermosiphon to be effective, one needs a foot of rise in every two feet of run between the Holly and the tank. In my case, that would be about five feet I'd need, from the hot lead out of Holly to the bottom of the tank. Also, going down & back up to the the Holly is out. Also, 3/4" pipe should be used between the Holly and the tank.

As it turns out, to achieve proper thermosiphne I must either move the stove to the tank or the tank to the stove. Or, possibly, use an additional tank for the stove and run the hot in it to the present tank. I have access to two more steel tanks at the McClung's, a 100-gallon tank & a 40-gallon. The 100-gallon tank would be excellent for solar heat storage as well. I could mount it on the outside wall, opposite the stove, and well above to enhance thermosiphon. Put a wood cover around it, insulate it, & run the hot water from it to the drain of the other tank.

The other tank would work as is if I moved the stove to where the bass end of the piano is now and plumb directly through the wall between.

Or, I was astounded to realize last night, I could use my existing system as is if I found a valve that would open and shut automatically. I could have a fountain out in the yard & simply open a valve every time I need to circulate the water, i.e. whenever a fire burns in the stove, as I already have a system that works—but only by my independently discovered semi-ram open-shut cold water faucet trick.

So why not use it as it is? Surely a valve exists that would flap open and shut ~ that's how a ram pump works. An air chamber may be required. Last night I was consumed with glee at the thought of a hot water system circulated by the sputtering fountain in the yard. These Rainbird sprinklers seem to operate in pulses of water; perhaps one of them could be turned on at a low rate ~ couldn't exceed the flow of the spring ~ and that would be that. Might, in fact, be the cheapest way to resolve my present quandary, which I was led into by my own impatience and lack of knowledge of proper thermosiphon hook-up. If only the store had given me the owner's manual when I bought it a year ago, I'd be in great shape. As it is, to achieve thermosiphon now I have to undo much of what I've done, spend a lot of money ~ ouch. Ouch!’”

[Russell Towle's journal]

12/4/87   Morning; a storm makes its way into the Sierra, and winds roar beneath grey skies. No rain yet, but it can't be long.


Saw Otis Wollan yesterday, who was elected to the Placer County Water Board; he expressed interest in learning to telemark this winter. So great; and I owe a letter to Eric Peach. […]

[Russell Towle's journal]

December 4, 1989

My “journal” has been less than irregular this year, and what few pages exist are scattered in my notebooks. Here is another.

It is a Monday, in the afternoon, and the sun breaks waves warmly across the couch. I am taking a break today: the new cabin is roofed, walled, windowed, and doored, even somewhat trimmed, with a homemade woodstove and a large slightly curved couch, courtesy of Alex and Teri. In other words, it is closed in, and the great effort may now slacken. Two months, of which more than a week was lost to rain, have passed since I poured the footing on October 1.

Gay is in town picking up the boys from school so I am utterly alone. Today is so perfect, like fine champagne, except warm. Very warm. A few shreds of bright cirrus clouds float by from time to time, but have no effect upon the sun, and just make the sky seem even bluer.

Janet Julia, affectionately known as Impling, or sometimes, Imp-Ling, is three weeks old. She is doing fine.

Yesterday Gay and I and JJ drove down to Palo Alto & up Page Mill to Struggle Mtn., where Greg and Iris were married.”

[Russell Towle's journal]


Thursday evening, Janet’s friend Sadie is over, the kids and I just watched “George of the Jungle,” a rather silly movie which delighted them.

I have been working on maps for the petrified forest project a lot, and a new proposal which I will send out to the BLM, Jim Gould, Rex Bloomfield, Wing Lee, Dave Lawler, et. al. Also, I have been walking around out there and finding some of the property corners. Today I finally found the third one on the west side of Wing Lee’s 56-acre parcel, starting from the northwest corner going south. These first three are railroad rails driven into the ground. I have found that quite a bit of petrified wood remains on the more easterly of the two BLM parcels. However, there is far and away more petrified wood, and in larger chunks, on the 56-acre Lee parcel. It may prove impossible to ever convince Lee to sell this parcel. I have been racking my brain trying to figure how to inspire him that a sale would be a good thing. It seems all this racking will simply be to no avail, Lee will stoically persist in the simple and blameless sentiment, that he does not wish to sell.

It has been a pleasure to walk around the BLM ground out there, it is very nice. Part of it was never mined, and although logged off 130 years ago, a fine forest has grown up since then, with large ponderosa and sugar pines, and douglas fir, black oak, dogwoods, even a solitary Pacific Yew. I have spent some time with the clippers opening up old trails and mining ditches.

Some huge pieces of petrified wood are on the Lee parcel. If only. My new proposal is simply for a preserve, no “interpretive center,” and only limited public access: school field trips, paleobotanists, geologists, historians, etc. It may be that only the Gould parcel and the BLM parcel will make up the preserve. In which case, access to the BLM becomes a problem, and perhaps some sort of trail easement can be acquired from Ed Stadum.

I am desperately broke, need to make a car insurance payment, have no money, wish the State Library would pay me for the Coffin diaries I sent them over a month ago. No money for Christmas gifts. Same old same old. How to get money? How?”

[Russell Towle's journal]